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Courtesy Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, Bentonville, Arkansas. Photography by Steven Watson.

Mountains No. 22

Artist: Marsden Hartley (1877 - 1943)
Date: 1930
30 x 36 in. (76.2 x 91.4 cm)
Framed: 37 1/2 × 43 1/2 in.
Medium: Oil on canvas
Credit Line: Promised Gift to Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, Bentonville, Arkansas
Place Depicted:
On View
Label TextMarsden Hartley painted Mountains No. 22 the year he returned from a long stay in Europe, during which he was heavily influenced by French painter Paul Cézanne. While the vibrant colors and parallel brushstrokes of this work reflect Cézanne’s influence on Hartley’s style, its subject, the White Mountains of New Hampshire, is an American landscape that was familiar to the artist, who grew up in nearby Maine.

Hartley painted a dramatic arrangement of massive white clouds hovering closely over the landscape. The sharply defined mountains are placed close to the top edge of the canvas, making them appear monumental and majestic. The painting depicts a transitional time of year when the lush greens of summer give way to the fiery colors of autumn. Hartley’s bold, measured brushwork is intended to convey the solid substance of the mountains.